200 Plus

Were You Paying Attention?

By THOMAS P. FARNER | Jan 08, 2020

Surf City, NJ — January is finally here and with it hopefully come snow and cold. But one thing you can count on is that it brings the answers to the 2019 year-end 200 Plus history test. Give yourself four points for each right answer plus another four if you correctly identified the Bonus person.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. In early 1919, suffragettes were arrested for protesting President Woodrow Wilson’s lack of support for giving the women the vote when he returned from France at B. Boston, following his return from working on the treaty ending World War I.

2. In 1884, a newspaper launched attacks on Jersey Shore residents accusing them of mistreating shipwreck victims. The paper was: A. The New York Times. Stories claimed victims were buried in unmarked graves on the beach.

3. In recent years archaeological studies have been carried out at Ocean County’s Cedar Bridge Tavern by: E. Monmouth University. The archaeological work is part of an ongoing program at the university.

4. The tavern was also host to a segment on a TV show called: B. “Diggers.” They claimed to have found Revolutionary War musket balls, which supported stories of the battle.

5. In 1936, five men died fighting a wildfire in the Pine Barrens near Warren Grove. They were members of: A. The Civilian Conservation Corps. The organization improved New Jersey state parks and dug mosquito drainage ditches

6. Today there is a monument to the fallen firefighters located at: C. Bass River State Forest. The monument was constructed by fellow members of the CCC.

7. In the early 1960s, government officials developed a plan that would effectively wipe the Jersey Pine Barrens off the map by: D. Building a huge jetport with a nearby city. Resistance to the plan helped encourage the growing local environmental effort.

8. During World War I, a local site was used by the Army to test poison gas at: D. Camp Kendrick. The camp eventually became Lakehurst Naval Air Station, now part of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst.

9. Which New Jersey Governor signed the bill permitting the forcible sterilization of criminals and those deemed defective? E. Woodrow Wilson. Like many urban progressives, Wilson was a supporter of the science of eugenics.

10. During the summer of 1919, this New Jersey landmark was in danger. It was: B. Barnegat Lighthouse. The lighthouse was in danger of being undermined by erosion.

MATCHING

Match the name of the ship with its description. There will be one left over.

11. Locals were accused of burying its victims in shallow unmarked graves on the beach: C. Barkentine Elmina.

12. The 1832 ship carrying cholera that anchored off Tuckerton: D. Schooner Enterprise.

13. In 1815 before there was a life-saving service, over 100 of its survivors were left to save themselves on Island Beach: A. the Surprize.

14. Stranded south of Barnegat Light carrying a circus, its horses and monkeys were left free to roam on the beach: B. Brig Hannah.

15. Locals claimed its stranding was the cause of the erosion at Barnegat Inlet: F. Army Transport Sumner.

E. Wing Fool was unused. It was a blimp that crashed into the lobby of a Chicago bank.

TRUE OR FALSE

16. At one time Ocean County claimed one of the tallest towers and one of the largest structures in the world. True: the Tuckerton wireless tower and Hangar One at Lakehurst.

17. When the Democratic Party won control of Congress in 1918, it quickly passed the amendment giving American women the right to vote. False; it was Republicans who won control of Congress and passed the amendment.

18. The Kite report stated that many people living in the Jersey Pine Barrens were guilty of inbreeding, bigamy and deviant behavior. True, leading for calls by progressives to do something about “those people.”

19. Rudy Koening deserves much of the credit for preserving the Cedar Bridge Tavern during the latter half of the 20th century. True; he purchased the tavern in the 1960s.

20. The Four-Mile Colony was originally founded as a home for Pine Barren deviants. True; it was even constructed by its future patients.

21. In 1919, a hydrogen-filled airship exploded and crashed into the Empire State Building. False. The building was struck by a B-25 bomber during World War II; the airship crashed in Chicago.

22. Suffragettes in front of the White House once burned speeches given by Republican President Warren G Harding. False; the burned speeches were given by President Woodrow Wilson.

23. In order to bring their story to the public, a special train carrying women who had been imprisoned by the U.S. government for demanding the vote once toured the country. True; the prison train was used to convince Congress to vote for the amendment giving women the vote.

24. On display today at the Cedar Bridge Tavern Museum is a banner sewn by the women of Tuckerton to celebrate the inauguration of Woodrow Wilson. False; the banner was designed for the inauguration of William Henry Harrison.

25. For a test of the effectiveness of poison gas held in the Jersey Pines, the U.S. Army imported 1,500 Angora goats from Mexico. True; the government kept the test secret until after the war was over.

Bonus: His study of the heredity of the Pine Barrens Kallikak family was used by the science of eugenics and later the Nazis to urge the elimination of those deemed defective. Dr. Henry Goddard, from the Vineland Training School, was a proponent of the latest scientific research on heredity and the science of eugenics.

Total your score!

92-104 – You know that “bipartisan” isn’t an antique World War I airplane.

88-80 – You probably attended the New Jersey Maritime Museum’s annual fundraiser.

68-76 – You probably helped spread the story that since Ocean County saved the Cedar Bridge Tavern, it was looking into rebuilding “The Shack.”

0-64 – You believe the word “high” in the impeachment clause to the U.S. Constitution means the president was on drugs.

Next Week: The battle for New Jersey.

tpfcjf@comcast.net

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